Nonviolence is the answer to the crucial political and moral questions of our time; the need for mankind to overcome oppression and violence without resorting to oppression and violence. Mankind must evolve for all human conflict a method which rejects revenge, aggression, and retaliation. The foundation of such a method is love.
Martin Luther King Jr., December 11, 1964
This holiday was established by law in the United States in 1983 and has been celebrated by most states since 1986. It is observed on the third Monday in January, placing it near Dr. King's birthday, Jan 15. Government offices, most schools and many businesses observe the holiday, but stores and restaurants remain open.